This social phenomenon and situation also contributes to the authenticity of the property. L'ensemble des monuments de Qufu a préservé son exceptionnelle qualité artistique et historique grâce à la dévotion des empereurs de Chine pendant plus de deux millénaires. In Imperial China,Confucius was identified with interpretations of the classics andmoral guidelines for administrators, and therefore also with trainingthe scholar-officials that populated the bur… The descendants of Confucius strictly maintained their family rules and rituals, and the buildings of the mansion were designed with the rules and rituals of the Confucian patriarchal system and ethics in mind. –8 C. E.), the theories became the basis of the state ideology, the body of ideas reflecting the social needs of a culture. Criterion (vi): The contribution of Confucius to philosophical and political doctrine in the countries of the East for two thousand years, and also in Europe and the west in the 18th and 19th centuries, has been one of the most profound factors in the evolution of modem thought and government. ), een imposante verschijning geweest zijn. Danish: nickname from Danish kong ‘king’, or occupational nickname for someone in the service of the king. Built to commemorate him in 478 B.C., the temple has been destroyed and reconstructed over the centuries; today it … The small house of the Kong family developed into a gigantic aristocratic residence, of which 152 buildings remain. She and Confucius were very poor, but he studied hard. Lying to the east of the Temple, the Kong Family Mansion developed from a small family house linked to the temple into an aristocratic mansion in which the male direct descendants of Confucius lived and worked.Following a fire and rebuilding of the temple with an enclosure wall on the model of an imperial palace in the 14th century, the mansion was rebuilt a short distance from the … Le temple, le cimetière et la demeure de famille du grand philosophe, politicien et éducateur Confucius (VIe -Ve siècle av. Chinese : variant of Jiang 1. Over 100,000 collections are kept in the Mansion; among them the ten ceremonial utensils of the Shang and Zhou dynasties, the portraits of Confucius made in different periods and clothes and caps dating to the Ming and Qing dynasties are the most famous. Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu‎ (3 C, 2 F) Pages in category "Confucius" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. Theportrait of Confucius as philosopher is, in part, the product of aseries of modern cross-cultural interactions. Enjoy the best Confucius Quotes at BrainyQuote. B.C., Chinese sage. As a heritage site embodying the core value of traditional Chinese culture—Confucianism, incorporating the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion, the property area covers all the necessary elements for demonstrating its historical values and setting. Kong Qiu, or Master Kong as he was known, did not live to see his days of glory. The maintenance and protection of the property, which was never disrupted in Chinese history due to the property’s great significance, reflect traditional Chinese conservation intervention methods. The Qufu complex of monuments has retained its outstanding artistic and historic character due to the devotion of successive Chinese emperors over more than 2,000 years. 2. He is the original Donkey Kong (aka Don… The area was notionally controlled by the kings of Zhou but effectively independent under the local lords of Lu, who ruled from the nearby city of Qufu. Located 1,100 meters to the north of Qufu City, the Cemetery of Confucius covers an area of 183 hectares. его потомков. In this respect, he is seen by Chinese people as the Greatest Master. Through the centuries the Kongs were the guardians of the temple complex and the administrators of the town of Qufu; the 76th lineal descendant of Confucius lived in the town before World War II. Positive evidence concerning the life of Confucius is scanty; modern scholars base their accounts largely on the Analects, a collection of sayings and short dialogues apparently collected by his disciples, and discard most of the later legends. Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. Having been destroyed and reconstructed over the centuries, it now covers 14 hectares, with 104 buildings dating from the Jin to Qing dynasties including the Dacheng Hall, Kuiwen Pavilion and Xing Altar, and over 1,250 ancient trees. It isn't exactly clear when Confucius was born, but it was sometime around the end of the Spring and Autumn Period. It is thought that Confucius was born on September 28, 551 BC, in Zou (鄒, in modern Shandong province). The Temple houses more than 1,000 stelae made at different times, and precious objects such as Han stone reliefs, carved pictures depicting the life of Confucius, and the stone dragon carvings of the Ming and Qing dynasties. It contains Confucius’ tomb and more than 100,000 graves of his descendants. La petite maison de la famille Kong est devenue une demeure aristocratique gigantesque dont subsistent 152 bâtiments. Life of Confucius. The committee is headed by Kong Deyong (who also heads the International Confucius Association) and is supposed to revise the family tree every 60 years, but political events precluded the last scheduled revision. Emperor Xuanzong of Tang first bestowed the title of "Marquis Wenxuan" on Kong Sui of the 35th generation. El cementerio alberga la tumba del filósofo y los restos de mí¡s de 100.000 de sus descendientes. They were honored with the rank of a marquis thirty-five times since Gaozu of the Han Dynasty, and they were promoted to the rank of duke forty-two times from the Tang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. In 2003, the Master Plan for Qufu City was drawn up, and the Regulatory Plan for the Ming City of Qufu was made in 2007, regulating protection of the setting of the property. Храм, гробница и имение Конфуция, великого философа, политика и учителя VI-V вв. Confucius has become a larger than life figure and it is difficult to separate the reality from the myth. Web Browser not supported for ESRI ArcGIS API version 4.10. La casa primitiva de la familia Kong se convirtió con el correr del tiempo en una mansión aristocrí¡tica de enormes proporciones, de la que subsisten 152 edificaciones. Following his death, a handful of his dedicated followers passed on Confucius' teachings to future generations in the book, The Analects of Confucius. His family name was Kong Qiu and he is called "Kongzi" in China, which means "Master Kong." Image of architecture, garden, china - 181272934 In Chinese history, Confucius' descendants were called " Yanshenggong". His students continued to explain his theories until, in the first Han dynasty (206 B.C.E. was een Chinese filosoof en politicus tijdens de Zhou-dynastie (dus nog voor de vorming van het Chinese keizerrijk).Hij wordt gezien als "Wanshishibiao", een voorbeeld voor alle leraren. Great Asia The temple, cemetery and family mansion of Confucius, the great philosopher, politician and educator of the 6th–5th centuries B.C., are located at Qufu, in Shandong Province. 1. Further measures will be taken to ensure the authenticity and integrity of the heritage and its setting, and to strive for rational use and sustainable development of the property. Quotations by Confucius, Chinese Philosopher, Born 551 BC. His father Kong He (or Shuliang He) was an elderly commandant of the local Lu garrison. Confucius was born near the end of an era known in Chinese history as the Spring and Autumn Period (770–481 BCE).His home was in Lu, a regional state of eastern China in what is now central and southwestern Shandong province. The Temple reflects the paramount position of Confucianism in traditional Chinese culture. The Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu have maintained their artistic and historic character. Confucius himself and some of his disciples are buried there, as well as many thousands of his descendants. More Contacts Site Map Become a member Donate Now! Photo about Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu, Shandong province, China. Now the protection of the heritage has been integrated into the social and economic development plan, the urban and rural construction plan, the fiscal budget, the system reform and the leadership accountability system of Qufu. Cranky's great-grandaunt, she was the one that wrote his spellbook. J.-C., détruit et reconstruit au cours des siècles, compte aujourd'hui plus de cent bâtiments. Your Confucius Kong Family Qufu stock images are ready. Dynasties came and went but the First Family … лет он почитался всеми императорами Китая. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0. …residence of Confucius’s descendants, the Kong family. Since 1994, the Cemetery of Confucius has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu". Destruido y reconstruido a lo largo de los siglos, el templo erigido en su memoria el año 478 a.C. cuenta hoy con mí¡s cien edificios. J.-C.), sont situés à Qufu, ville de la province de Shandong. Any discussion of the Asian American families one encounters in our literature inevitably confronts the philosophy of Kong Fu Tse, whose name the West latinized as "Confucius" (551 BC- 479 BC); and what is often called the "Confucian family … Kong is the family surname of Confucius and his descendants. In 1055, Emperor Zhenzong of Song first bestowed the title of "Duke Ya… United Nations. Confucius was basically a humanist and one of the greatest teachers in Chinese history. His mother was said to have been a concubine who left to avoid the mistreatment from the wife. Scholars do not agree on the dating of his birth or the details of his early life however. The property possesses high authenticity in terms of design of the building complex, building materials used, continuity in construction technology, preservation of historical condition and as deliverer of spiritual values, which are all faithful expressions of traditional Chinese culture. Other articles where Kong family is discussed: Qufu: …residence of Confucius’s descendants, the Kong family. Because of the wide range of texts and traditions identified with him,choices about which version of Confucius is authoritative have changedover time, reflecting particular political and social priorities. Grouchy Kong - Is a character exclusively mentioned to the Donkey Kong Country animated TV series, based on the Super NES game of the same name. Like all the great sages of antiquity, Confucius is now known by his family name Kong plus the title “Zi,” or “Fu Zi,” a term of veneration and … Chinese : variant of Gong 1. Through the centuries the Kongs were the guardians of the temple complex and the administrators of the town of Qufu; the 76th lineal descendant of Confucius lived in the town before World War II. He is considered the first teacher and his teachings are usually expressed in short phrases which are open to various interpretatio… The Kong Family Mansion, as the office and residence for the direct descendants of Confucius, testifies to the eminent status enjoyed by the Kong family in traditional Chinese society because of Confucianism. Tegenwoordig bestaat het tempelcomplex uit meer dan 100 gebouwen. 1. His name was Kong Qiu, and he is said to have been born in 551 in Qufu in the State of Lu, that is now in Shandong Province. The temple, cemetery and family mansion of Confucius, the great philosopher, politician and educator of the 6th–5th centuries B.C., are located at Qufu, in Shandong Province. Subsequently expanded, then destroyed again by fire and rebuilt in the late 19th century, it now covers 7 hectares with a total of some 170 buildings. Confucius was an influential Chinese philosopher, teacher and political figure known for his popular aphorisms and for his models of social interaction. Cranky Kong's great-grandfather - Mentioned by Bazaar in DKC3 to have owned an antique mirror. The official institution responsible for the protection and management of the property is Qufu Cultural Heritage Management Committee. Confucius' descendants were repeatedly identified and honored by successive imperial governments with titles of nobility and official posts. These documents provide legal, institutional and management guarantees for safeguarding the authenticity and integrity of the property. Cambodian: unexplained. The mansion is where his first son and the first grandson lived. Храм был построен в его честь в 478 г. до н.э., разрушался и восстанавливался в последующие эпохи, и сегодня насчитывает более 100 строений. Confucius’ hometown in Qufu is now a famous tourist destination for those who wish to better understand his life and thought. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0, 孔子是公元前6至5世纪最伟大的哲学家、政治家和教育家。孔子的庙宇、墓地和府邸位于山东省的曲阜。孔庙是公元前478年为纪念孔子而兴建的,千百年来屡毁屡建,到今天已经发展成超过100座殿堂的建筑群。孔林里不仅容纳了孔子的坟墓,而且他的后裔中,有超过10万人也葬在这里。当初小小的孔宅如今已经扩建成一个庞大显赫的府邸,整个宅院包括了152座殿堂。曲阜的古建筑群之所以具有独特的艺术和历史特色,应归功于2000多年来中国历代帝王对孔子的大力推崇。. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. The Temple is the prototype and model for all the Confucius temples widely distributed in countries in East Asia and Southeast Asia, particularly in terms of layout and style. Met zijn 2 meter moet de Chinese filosoof Kong Zi, bij ons beter bekend als Confucius (551-479 v. 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The cemetery contains Confucius' tomb and the remains of more than 100,000 of his descendants. WebGL must be enable, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). De begraafplaats bevat het graf van Confucius en van meer dan 100.000 van zijn afstammelingen. Systematic periodic and daily monitoring has been carried out, while the complete heritage monitoring system and documentation database of the property are being developed. Lying outside the north gate of the temple enclosure… ولقد حافظ مجموع نصب كوفو على نوعيّته الفنيّة والتاريخيّة الاستثنائيّة بفضل تفاني أباطرة الصين لأكثر من ألفي عام. Far from trying to build a systematic theory of life and society or establish a formalism of rites, he wanted his disciples to think deeply for the… Confucius (or Kongzi) was a Chinese philosopher who lived in the 6th century BCE and whose thoughts, expressed in the philosophy of Confucianism, have influenced Chinese culture right up to the present day. The enactment and efficient implementation of relevant national and local laws and regulations provides strong legal protection to the property. He married at the age of 19 and had a child named Kong Li. Комплекс памятников в Цюйфу сохранил свою выдающуюся художественную ценность и исторический характер благодаря тому, что на протяжении более чем 2 тыс. The Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion were included in the first group of State Priority Protected Sites in 1961 and the property is protected under the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Cultural Relics. He puts the greatest emphasis on the importance of study, and it is the Chinese character for study (or learning) that opens the text. The Con in ‘Confucius’ represents this surname. source: UNESCO/ERI The property boundaries and buffer zone were clearly designated in 1986. Los monumentos de Qufu han conservado su extraordinario carí¡cter artí­stico e histórico gracias a la devoción de los sucesivos emperadores que ejercieron el poder en China a lo largo de dos milenios. In scope, it is next only to the royal palaces of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. Le cimetière contient les tombes de Confucius et de plus de 100 000 de ses descendants. Cranky Kong - Wrinkly Kong's husband and elder of the Kongs. Located in his birthplace, Qufu City of Shandong Province, China, the Temple of Confucius was built to commemorate and offer sacrifices to Confucius in 478 BC. وأصبح منزل عائلة كونغ الصغير داراً أرستوقراطيا عملاقاً يبقى منه152 مبنى. Qufu, as the hometown of Confucius, has always been the most congregated inhabitation of his descendants, and today, the surroundings of the property still provides the most important residence for the offspring of Confucius. Furthermore, the more than 60,000 files and archives of the Ming and Qing dynasties collected in the Mansion not only provide a credible record of all kinds of activities in the Mansion for more than 400 years, but are highly valuable for studying the history of the Ming and Qing period. His Centrality. Criterion (iv): The Qufu ensemble represents an outstanding architectural complex which demonstrates the evolution of Chinese material culture over a considerable period of time. During his lifetime, his views were received with scorn. до н.э., находятся в городе Цюйфу, провинция Шаньдун. Lying outside the north gate of the temple enclosure…. Share with your friends. A multi-source and stable fund guarantee system has been established, with specific funds allocated for heritage conservation each year. Confucius and the Confucian Family System. His ancestry traced back through the dukes of Song to the Shang dynastywhich had preceded the Zhou. Source: Dictionary of American Family … In the Ming period many outstanding artists and craftsmen applied their skills in the adornment of the temple, and in the Qing period imperial craftsmen were assigned to build the Dacheng Hall and Gate and the Qin Hall, considered to represent the pinnacle of Qing art and architecture. Traditional accounts of Confucius's life relate that Kong He's gra… Criterion (i): The group of monumental ensembles at Qufu is of outstanding artistic value because of the support given to them by Chinese Emperors over two millennia, ensuring that the finest artists and craftsmen were involved in the creation and reconstruction of the buildings and the landscape dedicated to Confucius. - aldaar, 479 v.Chr.) The family genealogy has been maintained for some 2,000 years. El templo, el cementerio y la casa familiar del gran filósofo, polí­tico y pedagogo Confucio (siglo VI a V a.C.) estí¡n situados en Qufu, ciudad de la provincia de Shandong. Lying to the east of the Temple, the Kong Family Mansion developed from a small family house linked to the temple into an aristocratic mansion in which the male direct descendants of Confucius lived and worked.Following a fire and rebuilding of the temple with an enclosure wall on the model of an imperial palace in the 14th century, the mansion was rebuilt a short distance from the temple. Survey, design and implementation of intervention projects are conducted strictly in accordance with relevant laws, regulations and technical specifications, while charters relating to world cultural heritage protection have also been observed. Confucius, a renowned philosopher, politician and educator in ancient China whose system of belief involving philosophy, politics and ethics (subsequently known as Confucianism) has exerted profound influence on Chinese culture, was revered as the Sacred Model Teacher for Ten Thousand Generations by Chinese emperors. Confucianism has exerted a profound influence not only in China but also on the feudal societies of Korea, Japan and Vietnam and had a positive influence on the Enlightenment of 18th century Europe. The buildings were designed and built with meticulous care according to the ideas of Confucianism regarding the hierarchy of disposition of the various components. Confucius (Chinees: 孔子; pinyin: Kǒngzǐ, letterlijk "Meester Kong") (Qufu, 551 v.Chr. The Temple of Confucius, the Cemetery of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion are not only outstanding representatives of oriental architectural skills, but they also have a deep historical content and are an important part of the cultural heritage of mankind. His influence on his immediate disciples was deep. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Kong-family. Genealogy of Confucius - Family tree of Confucius in the main line of descent Confucius, official name Kong Qiu 孔丘, courtesy name Zhongni 仲尼, but widely known as Kong Zi 孔子 or Kong Fuzi 孔夫子 (literally Master Kong), was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. شيُد المعبد تيّمناً به عام 478 ق.م ودُمّر وأُعيد بناؤه على مرّ القرون وهو يعدّ اليوم أكثر من مئة مبنى. Ze noemden hem de reus. Le temple construit à sa mémoire en 478 av. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. يقع في كوفو، وهي مدينة من مقاطعة شانغدونغ، معبد عائلة الفيلسوف الكبير والسياسي والمعلّم كونفوشيوس (القرن السادس إلى الخامس ق.م) ومقبرتها ومنزلها. 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Is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0, 孔子是公元前6至5世纪最伟大的哲学家、政治家和教育家。孔子的庙宇、墓地和府邸位于山东省的曲阜。孔庙是公元前478年为纪念孔子而兴建的,千百年来屡毁屡建,到今天已经发展成超过100座殿堂的建筑群。孔林里不仅容纳了孔子的坟墓,而且他的后裔中,有超过10万人也葬在这里。当初小小的孔宅如今已经扩建成一个庞大显赫的府邸,整个宅院包括了152座殿堂。曲阜的古建筑群之所以具有独特的艺术和历史特色,应归功于2000多年来中国历代帝王对孔子的大力推崇。 Confucius et kong family confucius plus de cent bâtiments the dukes Song! Than 100,000 graves of his descendants to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox year a! Confucius et de plus de 100 000 de ses descendants Kong Qiu and he is called `` Kongzi in... Has been established, with specific funds allocated for Heritage conservation each.! But it was sometime around the end of the Spring and Autumn Period Qufu in de provincie Shandong not on...